The Paris Agreement on Climate Change 2015: An Overview

In December 2015, nearly 200 countries came together in Paris to reach a landmark agreement on climate change. The Paris Agreement, as it is commonly known, was a significant step towards global action to combat the effects of climate change.

What is the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement is an international treaty aimed at limiting global warming to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels. It was adopted on 12 December 2015, at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The agreement sets out guidelines for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change. It also aims to mobilize financial resources to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

Why is the Paris Agreement important?

The Paris Agreement is significant because it marks the first time that countries have come together to take collective action on climate change. The agreement signals a strong commitment from the international community to tackle climate change and protect our planet.

The agreement also provides a framework for future action. Each country is required to submit a nationally determined contribution (NDC) outlining their plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Countries are expected to update and enhance their NDCs every five years.

What are the key elements of the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement outlines a number of important elements:

– The need to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

– The aim to pursue efforts to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.

– The requirement for countries to submit NDCs outlining their plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

– The need for all countries to take action to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

– The requirement for developed countries to provide financial resources to help developing countries mitigate and adapt to climate change.

What progress has been made since the Paris Agreement?

Since the Paris Agreement was adopted, there has been some progress towards meeting its goals. Many countries have submitted updated NDCs that are more ambitious than their original plans. The private sector has also taken steps to reduce emissions and shift towards renewable energy.

However, progress has been slow, and many countries have yet to take significant action to reduce emissions. The COVID-19 pandemic has also slowed progress, as many countries have focused on economic recovery rather than climate action.

Conclusion

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change 2015 is an important milestone in the fight against climate change. It is a strong signal of the international community`s commitment to tackling this global crisis. However, much more work is needed to meet the Paris Agreement`s goals and limit the impacts of climate change on our planet.

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